Although it is not possible to comprehensively discuss American history in this article, we have lined out some of the most prominent events that shaped the structure of modern-day America.
British North America—1492–1763
After the landing of Columbus in 1492, most of the European nations tried to capture the North American territiory. Initially there were numerous settelements including Jamestown by England (1607), Quebec by France (1609), and Santa Fe by Spain (1608). This shows how diverse the settlement was during that era.
After several imperial wars, hardly any single participant was capable of achieving a clear victory. However, a decisive British victory came out after the seven years war in 1763. France evicted the place and Britain grabbed hold of the area between Mississippi River and eastern seaboard.
After the ‘Glorious Revolution’, colonists of America asked for a representative government. However, King George III refused their demands, which led to the union of the Americans. They unitely declared independence in July 1776. General George Washington was designated as the commander of all the patriot forces.
In 1777, American soldiers won the battle at Saratoga and enter into an alliance with France. With the British surrender, the greatest colony met its demise and the American Republic was born. In order to protect the liberties of the American people and specific amendments were made in 1789. These amendments became an integral part of the famous Bill of Rights.
Political Parties and their Power Play—1789–1836
It was in 1790s when the first American political party came into being. Under the leadership of Alexander Hamilton and John Adams, all the Federalists tried to establish the authority of the federal government by uniting states.
George Washington was the as first American president. Republicans and Federalists struggled to gain power. The idea of checks and balances over the Constitution also gained strength in this era.
The Civil War—1860–1877
Until 1788, the nation was held together through constitutional compromises. The slaveholding states like South Carolina left the Union and created the Confederate States of America. The long five years Civil War (1861–1865) threatened the future of the American Republic
However, in 1863 the paradigm of war shifted to another direction. Eventually, the ‘Emancipation Proclamation’ came out, where President Lincoln not only offered to restore the Union, but also ordered to free the slaves. He managed to fulfill both of these promises by the end of 1865, shortly before his assassination.
Emergence America as a Superpower—1929–1953
The year 1929 was the time when America reached the new heights of its industrial revolutions. However, this prosperity was for a few years, as in 1933, the stock market went down to 11% of its total value. Franklin Delano Roosevelt urged Congress to create progressive reforms.
Capitalism managed to survive the New Deal and the Great Depression. However, an entrepreneurial mechanism backed by the government helped to maintain economic balance. After winning the war against Germany, Japan, and Italy, U.S. and British forces made their way into power club.
The use of atomic bomb at Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945, served as the final blow. After gaining victory in three continents and a boom in the economy, America emerged as a Superpower and World leader.